Latini isn't widely used
Where Latini is used, it's not always consistent
The Kurdish alphabet it better
I think you'll find it boring
Well, I've decided that it's not a big deal if you think it's boring, you don't have to read it and the other reasons aren't good enough not to do it.
Plus, it'll make any other language discussions/lessons easier because I'll have this page as a reference.
Below you'll find the Latini alphabet as it applies to Sorani. I have tried to keep the explanations simple, but a few of the letters will require more explanation. Those letters are shown in red and discussed further below the list. Also, all of my references are for American English, so keep that in mind.
a.. always "ah" as the o in Bob
b.. just like the b in english
c.. in Latini this represents the the j in judge. Always j, never c
ç.. this special character is for the ch sound like in chair
d.. like the d in dog
e.. always "uh" as the u in bub
ȇ.. long a like the a in baby
f.. like the f in fire
g.. like the g in gravy
h.. like the h in heavy
ḧ.. *see below
i.. short i sound like the i in big
ȋ.. long e sound like the y in baby
j.. this is not like the j in judge it's like the s in fusion (or the zh in zhane for anyone who remembers them)
k.. this is like the k in kite
l.. like the l in lamp
ll.. *see below
m.. m in man
n.. n in man
o.. full o like the os in oboe
p.. p in panic
q.. *see below
r.. not the American r! *see below
rr.. rolled or trilled r as in Spanish
s.. s like sassy
ş.. sh. like shabby
t.. t like tea
u.. *see below
û.. *see below
v.. v is for victory
w.. w as in water
x.. *see below
ẍ.. *see below
y.. y as in you
z.. z in zebra
'.. *see below
There are some sounds which you won't find in Kurdish. The short a in apple or the th of this and think for example.
ḧ.. Click here to hear it. This is an h sound made well back in the throat. It's a sound borrowed from Arabic.
ll.. Click here to hear it. This is like the ll sound in well versus the l in like.
q.. Click here to hear it. This is a swallowed k. Make the k sound with the back of your tongue. It's the last sound in the word Iraq. This is another sound borrowed from Arabic.
x.. Click here to hear it. This is like the ch in Bach. We don't have it in English, but you'll recognize the sound.
ẍ.. Click here to hear it. This is the letter that we replace with gh in Baghdad. This one's also borrowed from Arabic.
'.. Click here to hear it. This one's also borrowed from Arabic.
One last note, there is no letter for the i (eye) sound like the i in, well, like. But it's a relatively common sound in Sorani. It's made with a vowel combo of either eȋ or aȋ.
So that's all of the sounds. I made a special note of the Arabic sounds because, once you recognize the sounds, you'll easily be able to pick out the Arabic loan words. These are the words which are being replaced with Kurdish words. If your language helper teaches you one of these words, it's a good idea to ask for the Kurdish word - just so you'll know it.
A great way to practice the sounds is to write with Latini, but in your language.
ȇ grȇt wȇ tu praktis saunds iz tu raȋt Latȋnȋ, bet in yur on languac.